Select Facts and Figures
Number of IDPs
More people are currently displaced within their own countries than ever recorded before due to conflict, violence, disasters and the impact of climate change – over 59 million people at the end of 2021. The number of people internally displaced by conflict has more than doubled over the last ten years.
PHOTO | April 2020 – Binish, Idleb governorate, Syria. ©OCHA
Internal displacement is expected to grow further as a result of the adverse effects of climate change. Extreme weather events, droughts, and sea level rise are already leading causes of new displacement and will likely be exacerbated in coming years and decades
PHOTO | February 2022 - Morarano primary school IDP site, Mananjary, Madagascar. ©OCHA/Viviane Rakotoarivony
Short-term humanitarian assistance
Millions have remained trapped in displacement for years, and in the absence of a lasting solution, have been forced to depend on short-term humanitarian assistance for their survival.
PHOTO | - Dawodia IDP Camp, Dohuk Governorate, Iraq. ©OCHA/Bahaa Elias
Over half of all IDPs are women and children. These individuals, as well as those from marginalized groups, often face particular risks before and during displacement.
PHOTO | February 2021 – IDP site in Siwa, Central African Republic. ©OCHA
IASC Framework on durable solutions for IDPs
— 8 Criteria —
Long-term safety and security
Adequate standard of living
Access to remedies and justice
Access to livelihoods and employment
Personal and other documentation
Accessible mechanism for restoration of housing, land and property
Participation in public affairs
— source: IASC Framework (Action Agenda [PDF])