Three workers on a commercial vessel carrying grains.

UNCTAD reports the Black Sea Grain Initiative - which has moved 25 million metric tons of grains - mostly benefitted developing countries, supporting food security among the most vulnerable.

man working on solar panels

Technologies used to produce goods and services with smaller carbon footprints are providing increasing economic opportunities, but many developing countries could miss them, unless governments and the international community take decisive action.

photo of a woman in a clothing shop

UNCTAD’s online courses help more women in least developed countries (LDCs) benefit from trade.

food market in Bhutan

The Bhutanese government launched the ground-breaking G2B digital government portal, using UNCTAD’s customizable digital platform, making it the fastest place in the world to start a new business.

Young Polynesian woman in a hammock with a notebook working outdoors under palm trees.

Digital technologies and e-commerce have the potential to transform livelihoods in the Pacific by enhancing trade across sectors and industries, finds UNCTAD in a new report.

Women in uniform sit bunding vanilla beans.

Complex and stringent rules of origin, the “passport” for goods, can prevent businesses from taking advantage of trade preferences, according to a new study by UNCTAD.

The blue cloudy sky seen through geometric wood frames

Issues of science, technology, and innovation remain endemic to development, and furthering our understanding of these issues is a core challenge for policy research. Deepening its commitment to this goal, UNCTAD launches the 2023 edition of its Technology and Innovation Report, a flagship publication that this year focuses specifically on what can be achieved by technological innovation by opening 'green windows of opportunity'. The report is built around green innovation - creating or introducing new or improved goods and services that leave lighter carbon footprints.

A woman wades in water, tending to her seaweed farm.

The world traded about 369 million tonnes of plastics in 2021 – enough to fill over 18 million trucks. The queue would wrap around the globe 13 times! Since less than 10% of all plastics produced have been recycled, most of the products will end up littering our streets and flooding our seas. But nature abounds in sustainable materials (bamboo, sand, banana plants, algae) that could be used to make eco-friendly versions of straws, shopping bags, bottles, food wrappers and other plastic products.

Plastic substitutes could cut global plastic waste by around 17% by 2040 – about 63 million tonnes less, or 3.5 million fewer trucks in the queue. “Besides the benefits to the planet, the shift offers economic opportunities,” said Henrique Pacini, an UNCTAD economist working on trade and environment issues. “But countries and companies have to work together and across borders to scale up production and reduce trade barriers."

A young woman wearing a veil is working on a laptop.

The country’s online system is making it easier for women entrepreneurs to access the benefits of registering their company with the government.

Close-up of hands tearing a slice of bread

The current food crisis, triggered by COVID-19 and the war in Ukraine, is different, a new UNCTAD report says, because of a stronger US dollar - creating a ‘double burden’ for developing countries.

A container terminal in the port of Shanghai, China.

Global trade should hit a record $32 trillion for 2022, but a slowdown that began in the second half of the year is expected to worsen in 2023 according to UNCTAD’s Global Trade Update.

Hemp trees

Hemp is an amazing plant that is eco-friendly and used in food products, biofuels, textiles and even building materials. Its global market could hit $18.6 billion by 2027, a new UNCTAD report says.

A woman wears a headscarf, a helmet and a safety vest from a construction site.

Celebrating female entrepreneurship, a recent UNCTAD publication tells the stories of 21 women from developing countries who’ve defied a myriad of challenges to build successful businesses.

A container ship unloads cargo at a port in the Federated States of Micronesia.

A new UNCTAD report calls for increased investment in maritime supply chains. Ports, shipping fleets and hinterland connections need better prepare for future global crises and climate change.

Someone carrying a stack of hay on their head walks past a solar irrigation pumps in Bangladesh.

As nations convene for COP27, UNCTAD has set out the actions needed to ensure global efforts towards a low-carbon future don’t leave least developed countries (LDCs) behind.